As the world recession ends, we will have a world growing with the demands of accelerating economies. These economies will demand a mushrooming volume of powerful energy. Petroleum (fossil fuel) energy is decreasing in availability. Fields are being depleted every year. More and more energy is located in areas where the local authorities despise us and only want to take advantage of our vulnerability. As the global recession yields, the demand will build, perhaps exponentially. We will need every energy source available. This will include energies that are, and need to be, ebullient, efficient, and especially, renewable.
Of course it does not make sense for hydropower to be used everywhere. There are many places where there just is not enough water flowing in the area for them to work well. Not every place as an abundance of rivers, streams, and oceans to produce hydropower. Most of them are found along the West of the United States. They are in Oregon, Washington, and California.
In Maine, whitewater rafting is considered an experience that will stick with you for a very long time. This adventure, however, used to mean that you had to camp out in the wide outdoors. This made it a great experience, because there is nothing like sitting with the people you care about the most around a campfire, talking through all hours of the night. However, not everyone was interested in that particular part of the adventure. So now, in this day, you are given the choice to camp out or stay in a lodge, private home, or cabin. Although it may not seem like you are getting the whole benefit of the experience to some people, others beg to differ and will agree that the adventure is just as much fun without the camping.
These designs are readily available online from specialist web sites and the pieces of equipment are available from DIY or hobbyist stores. Once you have made your green energy resources, they are practically maintenance free, although you may have to top up the batteries with sulphuric acid or distilled water.
You will be required to outlay money if you are going to create electricity on a do it yourself basis. Solar panels or wind turbines will be your choice of materials. Once you have paid for this, you literally have free power forever. This is for as long as the wind blows and the sun shines. Not only will you save money, you will also reduce your carbon footprint.
In our case we will start with a Canyon Hydro — 350 kW Pelton wheel similar to the one picture above. This unit has a 350KW GE induction generator with servo control and grid switching gear. It is currently a 28 inch pitch Pelton wheel with a single 4.125 inch dia. nozzle (3.5 in effective jet) which can be upgraded to a two jet unit for more flow and therefore power. Our potential head is less than the design head so we will seek to increase flow. The variable jet control combined with the extra nozzle and pelton turbine gives a better range of efficiencies for our variable flow regime. A crossflow unit would probably be a better match but it has less efficiency.
On your appliance you will see the number of watts that each appliance uses. A washing machine creating its own hot water for example might 2000 watts. This is 2 kilowatts per hour.
The point is that even with today’s technology there are still advances to be made in sustainable energy sources. But we have come far enough that it makes sense to start utilizing these sources right now. We can save ourselves some money not to mention saving a little thing called Earth.